The Brazil


Name:
República Federativa do Brasil (Federative Republic of Brazil)

Capital:
Brasília

Administrative divisions:
26 states and one Federal District

Form of government:
Presidential

Legislature:
National Congress (Senate and Chamber of Deputies)

Constitution:
October 5th, 1988

Language:
Portuguese

Anthem:
National Anthem of Brazil (click here to listen)


Geography

Location:
South America

Area:
8.5 million km² (5th largest)

Borders:
16,885 km (Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, French Guyana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay and Venezuela)

Climate:
Tropical in the majority of the territory, but temperate in the south.


Population

Population:
204.115.416 (IBGE 2015)

Population growth rate:
1,10% (IBGE 2015)


Economy

Currency:
Real (R$)

GDP in 2015:
R$ 5.9 trillion (IBGE)

Exports in 2015:
US$ 191,13 billion (MDIC)

Imports in 2015:
US$ 171.45 billion (MDIC)

Balance of trade in 2015:
Surplus of US$ 19.68 billions (MDIC)